- U.N. Secretary General, Antonio Guterres, called for peace amid warnings of the threat of nuclear war after Russia raised its nuclear alert level.
- The West has so far refrained from aircraft aid to Ukraine in an attempt to refrain from a direct war with Russia.
In what U.N. Secretary General, Antonio Guterres, described as a “bone chilling development,” Russia raised the alert level for its nuclear forces in its invasion of Ukraine. Guterres told reporters “The prospect of nuclear conflict, once unthinkable, is now back within the realm of possibility,” adding that further escalation of the war in Ukraine would threaten all of humanity.
The U.N. Secretary General spoke with officials from all over the world including, France, Germany, India, Israel, China and Turkey regarding mediation efforts to end the world. He said “It’s time to stop the horror unleashed on the people of Ukraine and get on the path of diplomacy and peace,”
So far the Russian invasion of Ukraine has sent more than 2.8 million people running across Ukraine’s border for safety, while hundreds of thousands are stuck in besieged cities.
According to Putin, he put his nuclear forces on high alert after the West’s “aggressive statements” and escalating economic sanctions. This was the first time in over 30 years that Russia has made such an announcement, the last time being in 1991 when the Russian Federation replaced the Soviet Union. On the other hand, US officials said they have not seen any reason to change their nuclear alert level.
Between the United States and Russia, there are more than 90% of the world’s nuclear warheads, Russia with about 6,000 and the US with 5,400. Although President Zelenskiy has urged the West again and again for military aircraft aid and no-fly zones, the prospect of a nuclear war has deterred western countries from sending aircraft aid.
The Secretary of State, Antony Blinken, said that President Biden has a “responsibility to not get us into a direct conflict, a direct war with Russia, a nuclear power, and risk a war that expands even beyond Ukraine to Europe. That’s clearly not our interest. What we’re trying to do is end this war in Ukraine, not start a larger one.”
After the devastating fire broke out at Ukraine’s Zaporizhzhia nuclear power plant, during a takeover by Russian forces, Guterres forcefully asked for the preservation of the safety and security of nuclear facilities.
The U.N. Secretary General decided to allocate another $40 million of its Central Emergency Response fund to help with humanitarian efforts in Ukraine. He called for peace saying “It is time to stop the horror unleashed on the people of Ukraine and get on the path of diplomacy and peace.” With this funding, Guterres believes “critical supplies of food, water, medicines and other lifesaving aid” will get into the country.
Zbigniew Rau, chairman in office for the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), feared that Russia’s aggression threatened the existence of OSCE. Currently the OSCE has almost 60 members, including Russia. In a U.N. Security council meeting, Rau pushed for peace saying “Its noncompliance with OSCE principles and commitments poses questions not only about the future of the organization but also about stability of the rules-based order.” He went on to speak of the innocent lives lost due to our indifference in the face of brute force.
First Grain Ship Departs Ukraine After Six Months of Russian Blockade
- The first shipment of grain departed the port of Odesa on Monday after Russia’s blockade of Ukrainian ports for the last six months trapped around 20 million metric tons of wheat and corn.
- Russia recently made a deal with Ukraine, brokered by the UN and Turkey, allowing grain exports to resume, appeasing fears of a global food supply crisis and rising prices.
- Ukrainian Foreign Minister Dmytro Kuleba celebrated the shipment, calling it a “day of relief for the world, especially for our friends in the Middle East, Asia, and Africa.”
- Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky was more hesitant to celebrate the shipment, stating “it is too early to draw any conclusions and make any forecasts” and he wants to “see how the agreement works and whether security will be really guaranteed.”
Concerns Rise As US Teeters on the Brink of Recession
- The US economy declines for the second quarter in a row, causing, what other countries would consider, an economic recession.
- The prices for groceries, gas, and other basics are rising at the fastest pace since 1981. The US Central Bank is quickly trying to raise borrowing costs in order to cool the economy and ease the prices on goods, but with the contraction, at the annual rate of 0.9% in the 3 months to July, many are still getting concerned.
- President Biden struggles to convince the public that the economy is sound, with the unemployment rate at a low 3.6%. But with inflation in the US hitting 9.1% in June, the fastest price appreciation in 4 months, consumer spending has slowed at an annual rate of 1%.
- Many other countries, such as China and the UK, have been hit harder by the surge in energy prices and the War in Ukraine, causing risks from abroad. Other countries are facing much more serious problems and once they’re hit, their problems can spill over and affect the US.
Russia cuts Germany’s Gas Supply causing Prices to Soar ￼
- Over the course of the Russian-Ukrainian War, Russia began to slowly cut off Germany’s gas supply through the Nord Stream 1 pipeline.
- Before the war, over half of Germany’s gas came from Russia. By the end of June it was reduced to a quarter of its normal captivity, and now it operates at less than a fifth of it.
- Russia’s energy firm Gazprom has stated that this need to cut off Germany’s gas supply was due to maintenance work on a turbine that is needed. Critics have disagreed, claiming that Russia is using it’s gas as a ploy to cause terror to Europe.
- The cut of Gas supply to Germany and other central European countries has caused gas prices to rise almost 2%, causing the trade to close to a record high similar to that of when Russia invaded Ukraine.
- While Germany scrambles to find a solution to this, Poland states it will be fully independent from Russia by the end of the year in order to avoid blackmail from Russia.
Russia Limits Gas Supply to Germany
- Gazprom, a major Russian energy provider, has stated it will reduce the supply of gas to Germany by half via the Nord Stream 1 pipeline due to repair work.
- Germany has said that they see no technical reason for the decrease in gas supply. The European Union continues to accuse Russia of weaponizing energy, with Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky stating, “This is an open gas war that Russia is waging against a united Europe.”
- Ukraine and Russia signed an agreement to allow the export of grain via the Black Sea after Russia continued to block millions of tonnes from being exported. The next day, Russia struck missiles at the port, some of which hit the infrastructure of the port.
- The US and Ukraine are optimistic that the agreement will still be implemented, with the US State Department stating, “Despite these attacks, we do understand that the parties are continuing preparations to open Ukraine’s Black Sea ports for food and fertilizer exports…we also continue to expect that the Black Sea agreement will be implemented.”
‘Effects of nuclear war globally catastrophic’, new study warns.
A nuclear war could lead to a ‘nuclear ice age’, plummeting global temperatures, eradicating a vast proportion of sea life and largely implicating global food security, a new study indicates.
Researchers at Louisiana State University in the US conducted several computer simulations in an Earth System Model to assess the impacts of regional and global nuclear wars on oceans. The study, which examined the potential consequences of
conflicts between the US and Russia, as well as Pakistan and India, revealed that in every scenario, smoke and soot from firestorms would release into the upper atmosphere, obstructing the sun and plunging temperatures at an average of 13F (-11C) within just one month.
Cheryl Harrison, assistant professor and lead author of the study, said the impact would be all-consuming.
“It doesn’t matter who is bombing whom. It can be India and Pakistan or NATO and Russia. Once the smoke is released into the upper atmosphere it spreads globally and affects everyone,” she told Bloomberg.
“We can and must, however, do everything we can to avoid nuclear war. The effects are too likely to be globally catastrophic,” she added.
The simulations involved testing the impacts of the US and Russia bombing cities and industrial sites with 4, 400 nuclear weapons weighing 100 kilotons or Pakistan and India detonating 500 of the explosives.
Alan Robock, Professor in the Department of Environmental Sciences at Rutgers University, said he hoped the study would “encourage” greater action to thwart the threat.
“Nuclear warfare results in dire consequences for everyone. World leaders have used our studies previously as an impetus to end the nuclear arms race in the 1980s, and five years ago to pass a treaty in the United Nations to ban nuclear weapons. We hope that this new study will encourage more nations to ratify the ban treaty.”
The research warned that a US and Russia conflict may lead to permanent increased Artic sea ice extent and volume.
A UN report also warned of the rapid “global collapse” of civilisations, partially induced by global conflicts, unless urgent steps were taken to address the issue.
The latest American study follows a warning to British troops by the army’s top general to prepare to “deter Russian aggression with the threat of force”. Shortly after Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, the Russia Foreign Minister, Sergie Lavrov said a Third World War would involve nuclear weapons and destruction would not be limited to Eastern Europe.
Ocean temperatures could fall, and sea ice expand by six million square miles, affecting trading as major ports, such as Tianjin in China would be occluded.
Reversing the damage would take decades, the study warned.
A report from the thinktank Stockholm International Peace Research Institute said that the global nuclear arsenal, since the cold war, is expected to increase drastically in the next few years and reversal this amid tensions between Russia and Ukraine is unlikely.
John Erath, senior policy director for the Centre for Arms Control and Non-Proliferation, warned earlier that NATO was only capable of blocking an “extremely limited attack” if Russia were to launch a ballistic missile.
As record temperatures hit the UK, scientists claim that frequent and intense heatwaves are the result of human-induced climate change.
Key Ports in Ukraine are Severely Attacked from Russian Missiles
- According to Ukrainian reports, the city of Odessa was severely attacked, even though Russia agreed to not target any ports with grain shipment.
- These products are vital to fight against the global food crises and caught on fire after the attack, in which Russia claimed they had nothing to do with the attack.
- Russia attacked a key port after the signature of the Istanbul Agreement and agreed with Ukraine to ease the exportation of grain.
- As a result of Russia’s actions, Ukrainian forces have utilised new US missile supplies to target the Antonovsky Bridge in Kherson, which would harshly impact the Russian supply if the bridge was destroyed.
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