As the conflict between Russia and Ukraine wages on, Balkan countries, including Kosovo and Bosnia and Herzegovina, request NATO membership, believing it will help with regional security. The countries fear the spreading of war to the western Balkan nations. These fears are not without reason as in the past, Russia has attempted to stage coups in Montenegro and North Macedonia, prior to the countries becoming NATO members.
Besides Serbia, which views NATO as its “enemy”, the two countries are the last in the Balkan area not a part of NATO.
Sifet Podzic, Bosnia’s Defense Minister, said the country would be participating in NATO’s Membership Action Plan, believed to be the last step before gaining access into the alliance.
He said “But if we wait to fulfill all criteria, unfortunately, it will take a while [to gain membership], because we aren’t investing in security agencies, in military capacities. We will need a lot of time to modernize our army, to buy modern weapons.”
Bosnia halted investments into its security around 2010 due to lack of internal cohesion and also obstacles that came from the 1995 Dayton peace agreement.
Despite the 1,500 mile difference between Bosnia and Russia, Moscow has protested Bosnia’s bid to enter NATO. Russia’s embassy in Sarajevo went as far as to say Russia “will have to react to this hostile act” if Bosnia moves forward with the membership.
Russian Ambassador to Bosnia, Igor Kalabukhov stated “If [Bosnia] chooses to be a member of anything, that is its internal business. But there is another thing, our reaction. We have shown what we expect on the example of Ukraine. If there are threats, we will react.”
Both Bosnia and Kosovo were victims of mass killings by Serbian forces in the 1990s, under the leadership of then Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic. Since then, the countries have been strategically trying to gain membership to NATO.
Vjosa Osmani, Kosovo’s President, said Kalabukhov’s comments show that “Russia has a destructive interest in our region”. She went on to say ““They especially have an interest in attacking Kosovo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and to some extent also [NATO member] Montenegro.” Osmani believes that Serbia, as Russia’s proxy, might act with Russia, now that they are feeling “emboldened by what is happening in the continent of Europe right now”.
Only three days after Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, Kosovo requested accelerated access to NATO membership, asking US President Biden to use his influence to help her country’s membership.
In 2008, Kosovo became independent from Serbia, however, four NATO countries still do not recognize that independence, including Spain, Slovakia, Greece and Romania, which could complicate Kosovo’s entrance into NATO. Osmani stated “We are already talking to [NATO] members to make sure that everyone understands how membership is becoming indispensable, especially in light of events in Ukraine.” She went on to say that her country is first planning to join the Partnership for Peace, a NATO program encouraging cooperation with non member countries.
Aside from Belarus, Serbia is the only other European country that has not issued economic sanctions against Russia.
Osmani declared, “We are still waiting, the people of Kosovo, to hear clear messages from the international community towards Serbia that they cannot sit on two chairs at once, especially when these two chairs are very much far away from one another. Unfortunately, we haven’t heard that clear language yet.”
First Grain Ship Departs Ukraine After Six Months of Russian Blockade
- The first shipment of grain departed the port of Odesa on Monday after Russia’s blockade of Ukrainian ports for the last six months trapped around 20 million metric tons of wheat and corn.
- Russia recently made a deal with Ukraine, brokered by the UN and Turkey, allowing grain exports to resume, appeasing fears of a global food supply crisis and rising prices.
- Ukrainian Foreign Minister Dmytro Kuleba celebrated the shipment, calling it a “day of relief for the world, especially for our friends in the Middle East, Asia, and Africa.”
- Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky was more hesitant to celebrate the shipment, stating “it is too early to draw any conclusions and make any forecasts” and he wants to “see how the agreement works and whether security will be really guaranteed.”
Concerns Rise As US Teeters on the Brink of Recession
- The US economy declines for the second quarter in a row, causing, what other countries would consider, an economic recession.
- The prices for groceries, gas, and other basics are rising at the fastest pace since 1981. The US Central Bank is quickly trying to raise borrowing costs in order to cool the economy and ease the prices on goods, but with the contraction, at the annual rate of 0.9% in the 3 months to July, many are still getting concerned.
- President Biden struggles to convince the public that the economy is sound, with the unemployment rate at a low 3.6%. But with inflation in the US hitting 9.1% in June, the fastest price appreciation in 4 months, consumer spending has slowed at an annual rate of 1%.
- Many other countries, such as China and the UK, have been hit harder by the surge in energy prices and the War in Ukraine, causing risks from abroad. Other countries are facing much more serious problems and once they’re hit, their problems can spill over and affect the US.
Russia cuts Germany’s Gas Supply causing Prices to Soar ￼
- Over the course of the Russian-Ukrainian War, Russia began to slowly cut off Germany’s gas supply through the Nord Stream 1 pipeline.
- Before the war, over half of Germany’s gas came from Russia. By the end of June it was reduced to a quarter of its normal captivity, and now it operates at less than a fifth of it.
- Russia’s energy firm Gazprom has stated that this need to cut off Germany’s gas supply was due to maintenance work on a turbine that is needed. Critics have disagreed, claiming that Russia is using it’s gas as a ploy to cause terror to Europe.
- The cut of Gas supply to Germany and other central European countries has caused gas prices to rise almost 2%, causing the trade to close to a record high similar to that of when Russia invaded Ukraine.
- While Germany scrambles to find a solution to this, Poland states it will be fully independent from Russia by the end of the year in order to avoid blackmail from Russia.
Russia Limits Gas Supply to Germany
- Gazprom, a major Russian energy provider, has stated it will reduce the supply of gas to Germany by half via the Nord Stream 1 pipeline due to repair work.
- Germany has said that they see no technical reason for the decrease in gas supply. The European Union continues to accuse Russia of weaponizing energy, with Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky stating, “This is an open gas war that Russia is waging against a united Europe.”
- Ukraine and Russia signed an agreement to allow the export of grain via the Black Sea after Russia continued to block millions of tonnes from being exported. The next day, Russia struck missiles at the port, some of which hit the infrastructure of the port.
- The US and Ukraine are optimistic that the agreement will still be implemented, with the US State Department stating, “Despite these attacks, we do understand that the parties are continuing preparations to open Ukraine’s Black Sea ports for food and fertilizer exports…we also continue to expect that the Black Sea agreement will be implemented.”
‘Effects of nuclear war globally catastrophic’, new study warns.
A nuclear war could lead to a ‘nuclear ice age’, plummeting global temperatures, eradicating a vast proportion of sea life and largely implicating global food security, a new study indicates.
Researchers at Louisiana State University in the US conducted several computer simulations in an Earth System Model to assess the impacts of regional and global nuclear wars on oceans. The study, which examined the potential consequences of
conflicts between the US and Russia, as well as Pakistan and India, revealed that in every scenario, smoke and soot from firestorms would release into the upper atmosphere, obstructing the sun and plunging temperatures at an average of 13F (-11C) within just one month.
Cheryl Harrison, assistant professor and lead author of the study, said the impact would be all-consuming.
“It doesn’t matter who is bombing whom. It can be India and Pakistan or NATO and Russia. Once the smoke is released into the upper atmosphere it spreads globally and affects everyone,” she told Bloomberg.
“We can and must, however, do everything we can to avoid nuclear war. The effects are too likely to be globally catastrophic,” she added.
The simulations involved testing the impacts of the US and Russia bombing cities and industrial sites with 4, 400 nuclear weapons weighing 100 kilotons or Pakistan and India detonating 500 of the explosives.
Alan Robock, Professor in the Department of Environmental Sciences at Rutgers University, said he hoped the study would “encourage” greater action to thwart the threat.
“Nuclear warfare results in dire consequences for everyone. World leaders have used our studies previously as an impetus to end the nuclear arms race in the 1980s, and five years ago to pass a treaty in the United Nations to ban nuclear weapons. We hope that this new study will encourage more nations to ratify the ban treaty.”
The research warned that a US and Russia conflict may lead to permanent increased Artic sea ice extent and volume.
A UN report also warned of the rapid “global collapse” of civilisations, partially induced by global conflicts, unless urgent steps were taken to address the issue.
The latest American study follows a warning to British troops by the army’s top general to prepare to “deter Russian aggression with the threat of force”. Shortly after Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, the Russia Foreign Minister, Sergie Lavrov said a Third World War would involve nuclear weapons and destruction would not be limited to Eastern Europe.
Ocean temperatures could fall, and sea ice expand by six million square miles, affecting trading as major ports, such as Tianjin in China would be occluded.
Reversing the damage would take decades, the study warned.
A report from the thinktank Stockholm International Peace Research Institute said that the global nuclear arsenal, since the cold war, is expected to increase drastically in the next few years and reversal this amid tensions between Russia and Ukraine is unlikely.
John Erath, senior policy director for the Centre for Arms Control and Non-Proliferation, warned earlier that NATO was only capable of blocking an “extremely limited attack” if Russia were to launch a ballistic missile.
As record temperatures hit the UK, scientists claim that frequent and intense heatwaves are the result of human-induced climate change.
Key Ports in Ukraine are Severely Attacked from Russian Missiles
- According to Ukrainian reports, the city of Odessa was severely attacked, even though Russia agreed to not target any ports with grain shipment.
- These products are vital to fight against the global food crises and caught on fire after the attack, in which Russia claimed they had nothing to do with the attack.
- Russia attacked a key port after the signature of the Istanbul Agreement and agreed with Ukraine to ease the exportation of grain.
- As a result of Russia’s actions, Ukrainian forces have utilised new US missile supplies to target the Antonovsky Bridge in Kherson, which would harshly impact the Russian supply if the bridge was destroyed.
Salman Rushdie Severely Stabbed due to his Publication of the Book “The Satanic Verses”
America stands with Taiwan: Nancy Pelosi visits Taiwan amid tensions with China
US Operations in Afghanistan and Beyond: A threat to locals
Mo Farah’s experiences show the impact of compassion toward the “others”
Initiatives of free international travel for Ukrainian refugees fleeing turmoil
Indian National Security Adviser Encourages Religious Tolerance
China Threatens Consequences if Pelosi Visits Taiwan
Why is Apple being Investigated?
Football – the growing problem of online abuse
The Bitcoin Frenzy: Much Ado About Nothing
Salman Rushdie and Free Speech: Lessons I Learnt at School
Niqabs: The Only Face Mask Banned During Covid-19
The early life and achievements of Prince Philip
Freeing the Shackled Woman – the Need for Intersectional Feminism
Is this Discrimination or Questioning of Judge Ketanji Jackson? – The Context
What does the Russia Ukraine conflict mean for sport? – The Commentary Box
Pregnant Women and COVID – The Health Report
What’s next after Omicron? – The Health Report
Realities about the COVID Vaccine – The Health Report
Omicron and the Holiday Season – The Health Report
Regulation changes around Covid treatment – The Health Report
- Pope: NATO Started Ukraine War by “Barking at the Door of Russia” on
- OPINION: Media Bias and Hypocrisy in Russia – Ukraine Escalation on
- Expert says Sanctions on Russia are unlikely to stop it from invading Ukraine on
- Stranded in Ukraine like orphans; recollections of a Pakistani student on
- Ukraine: Does the Level of Victimhood Depend on Ethnicity? on
- Russia blames UK Foreign Secretary for elevated nuclear alert on
- The Russia-Ukraine War on
- Rising violence in Afghanistan on
- Olympic 2021: Team USA’s Sunisa Lee wins gold on
- Board diversity and race: Commitment or lip service on
- Abandoned by the world: Why was more not done to help Bosnia? on
- Israeli Aggression: The Sound of Silence on
- There are side effects to the covid vaccines, should I still get it? on
- Nazanin Zaghari Ratcliffe – The case so far on
- The imagined Muslim woman: An unveiling of France’s gendered islamophobia on
- Freeing the Shackled Woman – the Need for Intersectional Feminism on
- Every 40 seconds someone Commits Suicide on
- Intel adapts to survive competition from Apple and AMD on
- Hijab is a sign of “submission”, says right-wing French Senator on
- The Daily Brief: Russia-Ukraine Conflict Swells With Kremlin’s “Muscle Flexing” on
Daily Brief3 months ago
18 Year Old Massacres 14 Elementary Students and a Teacher in Texas
Daily Brief3 months ago
SumOfUs’s Researcher’s Avatar Sexually Assaulted in Horizon World’s Game
Society3 months ago
UN: Total Societal Collapse is Looming
Women's Issues2 months ago
10 Successful Muslim Women Who Wear The Hijab
Health3 months ago
Monkeypox: Something To Be ‘Concerned About’ Says Biden
Crime3 months ago
Crimean Muslims Sentenced to Jail by Russian Courts
World3 months ago
Turkey Changes Name to Türkiye
Russia-Ukraine3 months ago
Russia Denies Wrongdoing in Worldwide Grain Shortage