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The Daily Brief: UN Security Council to Discuss Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam

UN Security Council to Discuss Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam

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United Nations Security Council Meeting about DPRK

Cancillería Argentina, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Summary:

  • Ethiopia plans to enter the second stage of their Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) project despite opposition from Egypt and Sudan.
  • The GERD is being built on the main tributary of the Nile River; the downstream nations of Egypt and Sudan fear that the dam will restrict their citizens’ water access.
  • Cairo and Khartoum turned to the UN for help in facilitating talks between Ethiopia and themselves regarding the dam project.
  • Ethiopia’s government insists on continuing talks through the African Union rather than taking the issue to the international community.
  • The Arab League has also expressed support for UN intervention in the water conflict between Egypt, Sudan, and Ethiopia.
  • Tunisia has even circulated a draft resolution which “calls upon the three countries to refrain from making any statements, or taking any action that may jeopardize the negotiation process, and urges Ethiopia to refrain from continuing to unilaterally fill the GERD reservoir.”
  • Sources:

Reuters

Al Jazeera

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One Suspect of Haitian President Moise’s Assassination is a US Citizen

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  • At least one suspect arrested for the assasination of Haitian President Jovenel Moise is an American citizen. More than a dozen suspects have been arrested, while several others were killed in gunfire with police.
  • Moise was shot at least twelve times in his private residence on Wednesday. His wife was shot three times, and is in intensive care. Many did not support Moise continuing to be president even after his term expired, with protests taking place in the last few months.
  • The president of Haiti’s Supreme Court would be the natural replacement, but he passed away recently. Interim Prime Minister Claude Joseph has assumed power, even though Parliament has not confirmed him. The appropriate replacement for Moise is unclear.
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Report States Colombia Police Used “Excessive” Force at Protests

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Danieland, CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons
  • The Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) stated in a report that Colombia police used an “excessive and disproportionate” use of force at the anti-government protests in the last few months, as well as “lethal force” on many occasions.
  • More than fifty deaths have occured from the protests because of violence between security forces and protestors. More than 2,000 civilians have been injured in the protests.
  • The Colombian government condemned the use of lethal force, but the Colombian Foreign Ministry rejected the prevalence of it, saying those cases were “exceptional.”
  • Colombia’s protests began over a tax overhaul proposed by President Ivan Duque. Even after the proposed reform was withdrawn, the protests continued over issues such as police reform and income inequality.
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Tokyo Olympic Games To Be Held Without Fans Owing to COVID Surge

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Tokyo-Good, CC BY-SA 4.0 via Wikimedia Commons
  • A new COVID surge in Japan has led to the barring of spectators at the Olympic Games to be held in Tokyo, in addition to other lockdown measures as the nation grapples with a spike in coronavirus cases.
  • A recent poll has indicated that a majority of the population in Japan opposes the hosting of the Games and would like them to be cancelled or postponed.
  • COVID-19 cases have increased in Tokyo since they were at their highest in May, with some 920 cases reported on Wednesday in Tokyo and 2,180 cases throughout the country.
  • Among the 42 venues listed on the Tokyo 2020 Olympics website, only prefectures Miyagi, Fukushima, and Shizuoka are allowing spectators at 50% capacity.
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Biden Administration Faces Criticism Over Hosting High-Level Saudi Visit

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POMED, CC BY 2.0 , via Wikimedia Commons
  • The Biden Administration hosted a high level controversial visit from Saudi Arabia following the killing of journalist Jamal Khashoggi as officials welcomed Prince Khalid bin Salman, brother to Saudi Arabia’s powerful crown prince Mohammed bin Salman.
  • Prince Mohammed bin Salman, also known as MBS was formally identified by U.S. intelligence agencies as having sanctioned the killing of Khashoggi – Joe Biden had denounced the killing as presidential candidate in 2020.
  • Human rights groups and anti-war advocates have criticized the Biden administration for the seeming hypocrisy in Biden welcoming the Saudi prince as a “pariah” and promising that the U.S. will not support the war in Yemen.
  • Khashoggi was writing columns for The Washington Post that were critical of MBS and the monarch of Saudi Arabia at the time he was killed.
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All views expressed in this editorial are solely that of the author, and are not expressed on behalf of The Analyst, its affiliates, or staff.

Daily Brief

Salman Rushdie Severely Stabbed due to his Publication of the Book “The Satanic Verses”

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Salman Rushdie 2014
  • Salman Rushdie, an author, was severely stabbed in his neck and abdomen on stage by a suspect named Hadi Matar, causing him to be on a ventilator and potentially losing an eye.
  • An Iranian leader back in the 20th century wanted Rushdie killed because of his novel, Satanic Verses, that many Muslims found disrespectful. This led Salman to go into hiding for almost a decade.
  • Translators from different countries reading this book were harshly stabbed to death when the book came out and Iranian leader, Ayatollah Khomeini called for Salman’s execution for three million dollars.
  • The Iranian government has not yet responded to this issue, but many Iranians in the media claim him to be an apostate who later became an atheist.

All views expressed in this editorial are solely that of the author, and are not expressed on behalf of The Analyst, its affiliates, or staff.

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Daily Brief

China Threatens Consequences if Pelosi Visits Taiwan

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  • US House of Representatives Speaker Nancy Pelosi has landed inTaiwan. Prior to the visit, China’s Foreign Ministry has voiced their disapproval, stating that “China will take resolute responses and strong countermeasures to defend its sovereignty and territorial integrity.”
  • US Secretary of State Antony Blinken emphasized in response  that “The speaker will make her own decisions about whether or not to visit Taiwan,” and that the US is looking to Beijing to “act responsibly and not to engage in any escalation going forward.”
  • The US has made it clear that members of Congress routinely visit Taiwan and that this trip is non-threatening and has precedent. Even so, some officials have expressed concern that China may invade Taiwan’s air defense zone or send missiles near Taiwan in retaliation.
  • Pelosi has criticized China’s leadership and vocalized support for Taiwan in the past. She is currently on her tour of Asia, with scheduled visits to Singapore, Malaysia, South Korea and Japan.

All views expressed in this editorial are solely that of the author, and are not expressed on behalf of The Analyst, its affiliates, or staff.

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Daily Brief

First Grain Ship Departs Ukraine After Six Months of Russian Blockade

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Odesa pristav
  • The first shipment of grain departed the port of Odesa on Monday after Russia’s blockade of Ukrainian ports for the last six months trapped around 20 million metric tons of wheat and corn.
  • Russia recently made a deal with Ukraine, brokered by the UN and Turkey, allowing grain exports to resume, appeasing fears of a global food supply crisis and rising prices.
  • Ukrainian Foreign Minister Dmytro Kuleba celebrated the shipment, calling it a “day of relief for the world, especially for our friends in the Middle East, Asia, and Africa.”
  • Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky was more hesitant to celebrate the shipment, stating “it is too early to draw any conclusions and make any forecasts” and he wants to “see how the agreement works and whether security will be really guaranteed.”

All views expressed in this editorial are solely that of the author, and are not expressed on behalf of The Analyst, its affiliates, or staff.

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Daily Brief

Concerns Rise As US Teeters on the Brink of Recession

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US Stock Market Investing in the United States
  • The US economy declines for the second quarter in a row, causing, what other countries would consider, an economic recession. 
  • The prices for groceries, gas, and other basics are rising at the fastest pace since 1981. The US Central Bank is quickly trying to raise borrowing costs in order to cool the economy and ease the prices on goods, but with the contraction, at the annual rate of 0.9% in the 3 months to July, many are still getting concerned. 
  • President Biden struggles to convince the public that the economy is sound, with the unemployment rate at a low 3.6%. But with inflation in the US hitting 9.1% in June, the fastest price appreciation in 4 months, consumer spending has slowed at an annual rate of 1%. 
  • Many other countries, such as China and the UK, have been hit harder by the surge in energy prices and the War in Ukraine, causing risks from abroad. Other countries are facing much more serious problems and once they’re hit, their problems can spill over and affect the US. 

All views expressed in this editorial are solely that of the author, and are not expressed on behalf of The Analyst, its affiliates, or staff.

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Daily Brief

North Korea Could Possibly Be Preparing another Nuclear Test

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North Koreas ballistic missile North Korea Victory Day 2013 01
  • North Korea could be preparing a seventh nuclear test, especially after Mr. Kim announced that the country is fully ready for any military confrontation with the US at a Korean War Anniversary event. 
  • A US special representative in North Korea states that Jong-Un has tested an unprecedented number of missiles this year—31 to 25. Jong-Un also stated that threats from the US required North Korea to achieve the urgent historical task of strengthening its self-defense. 
  • Jong-un also stated that South Korea is reviving a plan to counter North Korea’s threat by mounting precautionary strikes; in June alone, South Korea launched 8 missiles of its own.
  • The North Korean regime is especially angry with South Korea’s new president Yoon Suk-yeol and his so-called Kill Chain strategy. This strategy allows South Korea to launch ballistic missiles and air strikes on North Korean targets if it ever feels threatened. 
  • North Korea has also not been getting as much engagement with Washington ever since Biden replaced Trump, and could be hinting at some sort of deliberate escalation by the North, and preparations have been underway at the Punggye Ri test site since March.

All views expressed in this editorial are solely that of the author, and are not expressed on behalf of The Analyst, its affiliates, or staff.

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Daily Brief

Russia Limits Gas Supply to Germany

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Black Sea port of Theodosiya panoramio
  • Gazprom, a major Russian energy provider, has stated it will reduce the supply of gas to Germany by half via the Nord Stream 1 pipeline due to repair work. 
  • Germany has said that they see no technical reason for the decrease in gas supply. The European Union continues to accuse Russia of weaponizing energy, with Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky stating, “This is an open gas war that Russia is waging against a united Europe.”
  • Ukraine and Russia signed an agreement to allow the export of grain via the Black Sea after Russia continued to block millions of tonnes from being exported. The next day, Russia struck missiles at the port, some of which hit the infrastructure of the port.
  • The US and Ukraine are optimistic that the agreement will still be implemented, with the US State Department stating, “Despite these attacks, we do understand that the parties are continuing preparations to open Ukraine’s Black Sea ports for food and fertilizer exports…we also continue to expect that the Black Sea agreement will be implemented.”

All views expressed in this editorial are solely that of the author, and are not expressed on behalf of The Analyst, its affiliates, or staff.

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