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The Daily Brief: Tanzanian Writer Wins Nobel Prize for Literature

The 2021 Nobel Prize for Literature went to Tanzanian writer Abdulrazak Gurnah, who presented an “uncompromising and compassionate penetration of the effects of colonialism and the fate of the refugee,” according to the Swedish Academy.

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The Daily Brief Tanzanian Writer Wins Nobel Prize for Literature

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Abdulrazak Gurnah, a Tanzanian writer living in the UK, has won the Nobel Prize in Literature for his writings on refugees and the effects of colonialism.
Summary:

  • The 2021 Nobel Prize for Literature went to Tanzanian writer Abdulrazak Gurnah, who presented an “uncompromising and compassionate penetration of the effects of colonialism and the fate of the refugee,” according to the Swedish Academy.
  • Gurnah wrote ten novels, including Paradise and Desertion, and several short stories. He is the first black novelist to receive the award since Toni Morrison in 1993.
  • Gurnah recently retired from teaching post-colonial literature at the University of Kent, Canterbury. He said he was “surprised and humbled” to have received the award.
  • The Nobel Prize in chemistry was won by Benjamin List and David W.C. MacMillan, who “initiated a totally new way of thinking for how to put together chemical molecules.” Their research has been used to develop new drugs and make other advancements in the industry.
  • The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to Syukuro Manabe, Klaus Hasselmann and Giorgio Parisi, whose research over several decades has been fundamental in climate change research.
  • The Nobel Prize in medicine was awarded to David Julius and Ardem Patapoutian for their research on the nervous system’s interpretation of our environment.
  • The Nobel Prize is an extremely prestigious award given out in medicine, physics, chemistry, literature, peace and economic sciences since 1901. Winners receive a gold medal and 10 million Swedish kronor ($1.1 million).
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Senators Agree on Extension of Debt Ceiling

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  • The US Senate has agreed on an extension of the country’s debt ceiling, avoiding a potential financial crisis this month. The debt compromise still needs to be passed by lawmakers in both chambers of Congress.
  • Republicans are against President Joe Biden’s spending plans, and therefore did not support raising the debt ceiling.
  • Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer announced that Congress has “reached an agreement to extend the debt ceiling through early December,” at which time the issue will need to be addressed to avoid a default.
  • Sources

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-58835517

https://www.aljazeera.com/economy/2021/10/7/us-senate-reaches-short-term-deal-on-debt-limit-averting-crisis

  • Tweets

5.9 Earthquake in Pakistan kills at least 20

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  • A 5.9 earthquake struck the Balochistan province of Pakistan at 3 am on Thursday, killing at least 20 and wounding 200.
  • Many were injured and killed when homes in the remote region crumbled and roofs caved in on families who were asleep. 
  • Rescue efforts are underway but are hampered due to the numerous landslides triggered by the earthquake. 
  • The Pakistani military has deployed to the region providing food, resources, and medical assistance to the devasted region. 
  • Sources:

Al Jazeera 

AP News 

  • Tweets:
https://twitter.com/iamyasif/status/1445980619473883137?s=21

Israeli Court Allows Jewish Prayer at the Sacred Al-Aqsa Mosque

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  • In a landmark ruling, an Israeli court has allowed silent Jewish prayer at the Al-Aqsa Mosque, an act that was previously considered criminal, angering many Palestinians. 
  • Palestinians fear that the ruling is another step towards the Jewish overtaking the sacred Muslim Mosque of Al-Aqsa and accuse Isreal of not adhering to previously agreed-upon arrangements. 
  • In recent years, Jews have continued to enter the Al-Aqsa compound to pray, causing an uptake in bloody confrontations between Palestinians and Israeli Security Forces. 
  • Jordan officials say that the courts’ decision is “a serious violation of the historical and legal status of Al-Aqsa Mosque.”
  • Sources:

Al Jazeera

AP News 

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Greece and France Ratify A Landmark Defence Pact

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  • In a first for two NATO countries, Greece and France have joined in a pact to protect one another should a country currently in NATO, attack either country.
  • Both Greece and France praised the alliance as the 1st step in creating a cornerstone of an Independent European Defence Policy. 
  • The alliance comes as Greece and Turkey, a fellow NATO country, have clashed for years about ownership of underwater oil and gas resources in the Mediterranean. 
  • The alliance with France is Greece’s 2nd mutual defense act; the 1st was signed last November between Greece and the United Arab Emirates. 
  • Sources:

AlJazeera

AP News 

  • Tweets: 

Newcastle United Football Club Sold to Saudi Arabia Entity

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  • The English Premier League approved the $305 Million pound sale of the Newcastle United Football Club to the Saudi Arabian Public Investment Fund (PIF) Thursday. 
  • Talks to buy the English Club halted last year amidst concerns of how much control the Saudi Kingdom would have over the club.
  • The PIF offered the Premier League assurance that the Saudi Crown, Prince Mohammed bin Salman, and the Saudi State will have no control over the club, although Salman remains the Chairman of PIF. 
  • Human rights organizations including Amnesty International have been outspoken in their opposition to the sale, stating the purchase of the club is a form of “sport washing” Saudi’s alleged human rights abuses. 
  • Sources:

Al Jazeera 

BBC Sports  

AP News 

  • Tweets: 

All views expressed in this editorial are solely that of the author, and are not expressed on behalf of The Analyst, its affiliates, or staff.

Daily Brief

Credit Suisse Found Guilty for Involvement in Money Laundering Scheme

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800px Credit Suisse Zurich
  • Switzerland’s Federal Criminal Court found Credit Suisse, Switzerland’s second largest bank, guilty for its involvement in a money laundering scheme involving a Bulgarian drug trafficking gang.
  • The bank is being fined 21 million Swiss francs ($22 million) due to its poor monitoring and implementation of anti-money laundering rules. More than 12 million francs worth of assets are also being confiscated due to their connection with the criminal group.
  • Credit Suisse has denied any wrongdoings and stated that it has been “continuously testing its anti-money laundering framework and has been strengthening it over time, in accordance with evolving regulatory standards.”
  • This case originated from actions taken by a former employee in 2007 and 2008, and two other Bulgarian citizens’ actions in 2005 and 2009. Some of their sentences and fines were suspended due to the amount of time passed since the crimes took place.

All views expressed in this editorial are solely that of the author, and are not expressed on behalf of The Analyst, its affiliates, or staff.

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Daily Brief

Chlorine Gas Leak in Jordan Port City Kills Thirteen People

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Port Of Aqaba City
  • A gas leak in Aqaba, Jordan killed at least thirteen people and injured more than 250. A storage container carrying between 25 and 30 tonnes of chlorine gas fell as it was being exported to Djibouti, releasing the gas.
  • A video of the incident on state TV shows the container being dropped onto the deck of the ship and a yellow colored gas spreading through the air as people try to evacuate. The accident seems to be a result of the crane malfunctioning.
  • If chlorine is inhaled at high levels, it can cause life-threatening damage. A nearby beach in Aqaba was evacuated as a safety precaution, and residents who live in the nearest residential area, about 25 kilometers (15 miles) away, were advised to stay inside and close windows.
  • Jordan’s Prime Minister Bisher al-Khasawneh traveled to Aqaba and visited some of the injured at the hospital. He also formed a team led by the interior minister to investigate the incident.

All views expressed in this editorial are solely that of the author, and are not expressed on behalf of The Analyst, its affiliates, or staff.

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Daily Brief

Russian Missile Sets Ukraine Shopping Center on Fire

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  • A busy shopping center in Ukraine was set on fire by Russian missiles on Monday, killing at least thirteen people and injuring dozens. The total number of casualties is still unknown.
  • Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky stated that “The number of victims is impossible to imagine” and that there could have been up to 1,000 people in the mall.
  • The attack came during the G7 summit, where world leaders condemned recent atrocities and promised to support Ukraine “for as long as it takes” in a joint statement. President Zelensky spoke to the leaders at the summit and stated that he wants the war to end before winter.
  • NATO has decided to increase the number of troops in its rapid reaction force from 40,000 to 300,000, more than eightfold. NATO Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg stated this move is part of the “biggest overhaul of collective defense and deterrence since the Cold War.”
  • The United States has announced that it will provide Ukraine with advanced medium and long-range air defense capabilities.

All views expressed in this editorial are solely that of the author, and are not expressed on behalf of The Analyst, its affiliates, or staff.

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Daily Brief

World Watches as the United States Supreme Court Abolishes a Woman’s Right to an Abortion

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  • The United States’ top justices voted to eliminate the constitutional right to an abortion, a law that had been in place for over 50 years.
  • The closely watched decision was heralded by some and derided by others, depending on their position on the controversial concept of a woman’s right to choose for her own body.
  • With the abolition of the constitutional right, it is expected that many states in the U.S. will implement near total bans of abortion rights, while other states such as California, Oregon and Washington have reaffirmed their commitment to preserve the right to an abortion.
  • Planned Parenthood, the advocacy face for abortion rights, is mobilizing around the country to bolster and increase services in those states that will preserve the right, and engage voters in those states that plan to abolish the right.

Tweets

All views expressed in this editorial are solely that of the author, and are not expressed on behalf of The Analyst, its affiliates, or staff.

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Daily Brief

The EU Approves Ukraine for Candidacy

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  • The EU has finally approved the application of Ukraine to become a candidate country for admission to the 27- country organization. Ukraine will now join the official candidate list, which already includes Albania, the Republic of North Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, and Turkey. 
  • The US is expected to provide an additional $450m in security assistance to Ukraine. Which includes four more High Mobility Artillery Rocket Systems. 
  • The EU and Norway have agreed to cooperate and provide the EU’s 27 countries with gas from Western Europe’s biggest provider. The EU imports roughly ⅕ of its gas from Norway compared to the 40% it was receiving from Russia. Currently, Russia has been cutting gas supplies to countries refusing to pay for it in roubles. 
  • Melbourne is considering utilizing its largely vacant $200m Center for National Resilience building to house hundreds of refugees fleeing war-torn Ukraine and Afghanistan. The center will only be able to temporarily house about 500 refugees from Afghanistan and about 200 from Ukraine. 
  • Ukrainian Defense Minister Oleksii Reznikov thanked US Defense Secretary Lloyd Austin after receiving and welcoming the High Mobility Artillery Rocket Systems (HIMARS) from the United States. 
  • Nike joined other leading Western brands by formally making a full exit from Russia, three months after suspending its operations. Telecoms equipment maker Cisco is also planning to wind down business in Russia and Belarus as well.

All views expressed in this editorial are solely that of the author, and are not expressed on behalf of The Analyst, its affiliates, or staff.

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Daily Brief

US Supreme Court Expands Gun Carrying Rights Causing National Outrage 

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  • The US Supreme Court expanded gun carrying rights after a New York law denied the plaintiffs Robert Nash and Brandon Koch from carrying a concealed weapon in public, despite them having licenses for recreational gun ownership. 
  • The US court ruled that the New York law requiring residents to prove “proper cause” to carry a concealed weapon is unconstitutional. Justice Clarence Thomas, who represented the 6 justices who ruled in favor of the decision, stated that Americans have the right to carry “commonly used” firearms in public for personal defense. 
  • This decision comes amid an intense national debate over gun violence, and could possibly challenge the  outcome of similar regulations in other states, such as California and New Jersey, and affect a quarter of Americans by allowing more people to carry guns legally. 
  • Three liberal justices, Elena Kahan, Sonia Sotomayor, and Stephen Breyer, were against the majority decision, and Justice Breyer noted that “since the start of this year alone (2022), there have already been 277 reported mass shootings – an average of more than one per day.”
  • While the National Rifle Association (NRA) celebrated the judgment, President Biden stated that he was “deeply disappointed” by the court’s decision and that the ruling “contradicts both common sense and the Constitution, and should trouble us all.” 
  • New York Mayor Eric Adams also agreed with Biden and stated that he would review other ways to restrict gun access by restricting the application process for buying guns and looking into bans of firearms at specific locations. 

All views expressed in this editorial are solely that of the author, and are not expressed on behalf of The Analyst, its affiliates, or staff.

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