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The Daily Brief: Tanzanian Writer Wins Nobel Prize for Literature

The 2021 Nobel Prize for Literature went to Tanzanian writer Abdulrazak Gurnah, who presented an “uncompromising and compassionate penetration of the effects of colonialism and the fate of the refugee,” according to the Swedish Academy.

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The Daily Brief Tanzanian Writer Wins Nobel Prize for Literature

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Abdulrazak Gurnah, a Tanzanian writer living in the UK, has won the Nobel Prize in Literature for his writings on refugees and the effects of colonialism.
Summary:

  • The 2021 Nobel Prize for Literature went to Tanzanian writer Abdulrazak Gurnah, who presented an “uncompromising and compassionate penetration of the effects of colonialism and the fate of the refugee,” according to the Swedish Academy.
  • Gurnah wrote ten novels, including Paradise and Desertion, and several short stories. He is the first black novelist to receive the award since Toni Morrison in 1993.
  • Gurnah recently retired from teaching post-colonial literature at the University of Kent, Canterbury. He said he was “surprised and humbled” to have received the award.
  • The Nobel Prize in chemistry was won by Benjamin List and David W.C. MacMillan, who “initiated a totally new way of thinking for how to put together chemical molecules.” Their research has been used to develop new drugs and make other advancements in the industry.
  • The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to Syukuro Manabe, Klaus Hasselmann and Giorgio Parisi, whose research over several decades has been fundamental in climate change research.
  • The Nobel Prize in medicine was awarded to David Julius and Ardem Patapoutian for their research on the nervous system’s interpretation of our environment.
  • The Nobel Prize is an extremely prestigious award given out in medicine, physics, chemistry, literature, peace and economic sciences since 1901. Winners receive a gold medal and 10 million Swedish kronor ($1.1 million).
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Senators Agree on Extension of Debt Ceiling

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  • The US Senate has agreed on an extension of the country’s debt ceiling, avoiding a potential financial crisis this month. The debt compromise still needs to be passed by lawmakers in both chambers of Congress.
  • Republicans are against President Joe Biden’s spending plans, and therefore did not support raising the debt ceiling.
  • Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer announced that Congress has “reached an agreement to extend the debt ceiling through early December,” at which time the issue will need to be addressed to avoid a default.
  • Sources

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-58835517

https://www.aljazeera.com/economy/2021/10/7/us-senate-reaches-short-term-deal-on-debt-limit-averting-crisis

  • Tweets

5.9 Earthquake in Pakistan kills at least 20

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  • A 5.9 earthquake struck the Balochistan province of Pakistan at 3 am on Thursday, killing at least 20 and wounding 200.
  • Many were injured and killed when homes in the remote region crumbled and roofs caved in on families who were asleep. 
  • Rescue efforts are underway but are hampered due to the numerous landslides triggered by the earthquake. 
  • The Pakistani military has deployed to the region providing food, resources, and medical assistance to the devasted region. 
  • Sources:

Al Jazeera 

AP News 

  • Tweets:
https://twitter.com/iamyasif/status/1445980619473883137?s=21

Israeli Court Allows Jewish Prayer at the Sacred Al-Aqsa Mosque

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  • In a landmark ruling, an Israeli court has allowed silent Jewish prayer at the Al-Aqsa Mosque, an act that was previously considered criminal, angering many Palestinians. 
  • Palestinians fear that the ruling is another step towards the Jewish overtaking the sacred Muslim Mosque of Al-Aqsa and accuse Isreal of not adhering to previously agreed-upon arrangements. 
  • In recent years, Jews have continued to enter the Al-Aqsa compound to pray, causing an uptake in bloody confrontations between Palestinians and Israeli Security Forces. 
  • Jordan officials say that the courts’ decision is “a serious violation of the historical and legal status of Al-Aqsa Mosque.”
  • Sources:

Al Jazeera

AP News 

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Greece and France Ratify A Landmark Defence Pact

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  • In a first for two NATO countries, Greece and France have joined in a pact to protect one another should a country currently in NATO, attack either country.
  • Both Greece and France praised the alliance as the 1st step in creating a cornerstone of an Independent European Defence Policy. 
  • The alliance comes as Greece and Turkey, a fellow NATO country, have clashed for years about ownership of underwater oil and gas resources in the Mediterranean. 
  • The alliance with France is Greece’s 2nd mutual defense act; the 1st was signed last November between Greece and the United Arab Emirates. 
  • Sources:

AlJazeera

AP News 

  • Tweets: 

Newcastle United Football Club Sold to Saudi Arabia Entity

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  • The English Premier League approved the $305 Million pound sale of the Newcastle United Football Club to the Saudi Arabian Public Investment Fund (PIF) Thursday. 
  • Talks to buy the English Club halted last year amidst concerns of how much control the Saudi Kingdom would have over the club.
  • The PIF offered the Premier League assurance that the Saudi Crown, Prince Mohammed bin Salman, and the Saudi State will have no control over the club, although Salman remains the Chairman of PIF. 
  • Human rights organizations including Amnesty International have been outspoken in their opposition to the sale, stating the purchase of the club is a form of “sport washing” Saudi’s alleged human rights abuses. 
  • Sources:

Al Jazeera 

BBC Sports  

AP News 

  • Tweets: 

All views expressed in this editorial are solely that of the author, and are not expressed on behalf of The Analyst, its affiliates, or staff.

Daily Brief

Salman Rushdie Severely Stabbed due to his Publication of the Book “The Satanic Verses”

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Salman Rushdie 2014
  • Salman Rushdie, an author, was severely stabbed in his neck and abdomen on stage by a suspect named Hadi Matar, causing him to be on a ventilator and potentially losing an eye.
  • An Iranian leader back in the 20th century wanted Rushdie killed because of his novel, Satanic Verses, that many Muslims found disrespectful. This led Salman to go into hiding for almost a decade.
  • Translators from different countries reading this book were harshly stabbed to death when the book came out and Iranian leader, Ayatollah Khomeini called for Salman’s execution for three million dollars.
  • The Iranian government has not yet responded to this issue, but many Iranians in the media claim him to be an apostate who later became an atheist.

All views expressed in this editorial are solely that of the author, and are not expressed on behalf of The Analyst, its affiliates, or staff.

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Daily Brief

China Threatens Consequences if Pelosi Visits Taiwan

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  • US House of Representatives Speaker Nancy Pelosi has landed inTaiwan. Prior to the visit, China’s Foreign Ministry has voiced their disapproval, stating that “China will take resolute responses and strong countermeasures to defend its sovereignty and territorial integrity.”
  • US Secretary of State Antony Blinken emphasized in response  that “The speaker will make her own decisions about whether or not to visit Taiwan,” and that the US is looking to Beijing to “act responsibly and not to engage in any escalation going forward.”
  • The US has made it clear that members of Congress routinely visit Taiwan and that this trip is non-threatening and has precedent. Even so, some officials have expressed concern that China may invade Taiwan’s air defense zone or send missiles near Taiwan in retaliation.
  • Pelosi has criticized China’s leadership and vocalized support for Taiwan in the past. She is currently on her tour of Asia, with scheduled visits to Singapore, Malaysia, South Korea and Japan.

All views expressed in this editorial are solely that of the author, and are not expressed on behalf of The Analyst, its affiliates, or staff.

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Daily Brief

First Grain Ship Departs Ukraine After Six Months of Russian Blockade

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  • The first shipment of grain departed the port of Odesa on Monday after Russia’s blockade of Ukrainian ports for the last six months trapped around 20 million metric tons of wheat and corn.
  • Russia recently made a deal with Ukraine, brokered by the UN and Turkey, allowing grain exports to resume, appeasing fears of a global food supply crisis and rising prices.
  • Ukrainian Foreign Minister Dmytro Kuleba celebrated the shipment, calling it a “day of relief for the world, especially for our friends in the Middle East, Asia, and Africa.”
  • Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky was more hesitant to celebrate the shipment, stating “it is too early to draw any conclusions and make any forecasts” and he wants to “see how the agreement works and whether security will be really guaranteed.”

All views expressed in this editorial are solely that of the author, and are not expressed on behalf of The Analyst, its affiliates, or staff.

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Daily Brief

Concerns Rise As US Teeters on the Brink of Recession

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  • The US economy declines for the second quarter in a row, causing, what other countries would consider, an economic recession. 
  • The prices for groceries, gas, and other basics are rising at the fastest pace since 1981. The US Central Bank is quickly trying to raise borrowing costs in order to cool the economy and ease the prices on goods, but with the contraction, at the annual rate of 0.9% in the 3 months to July, many are still getting concerned. 
  • President Biden struggles to convince the public that the economy is sound, with the unemployment rate at a low 3.6%. But with inflation in the US hitting 9.1% in June, the fastest price appreciation in 4 months, consumer spending has slowed at an annual rate of 1%. 
  • Many other countries, such as China and the UK, have been hit harder by the surge in energy prices and the War in Ukraine, causing risks from abroad. Other countries are facing much more serious problems and once they’re hit, their problems can spill over and affect the US. 

All views expressed in this editorial are solely that of the author, and are not expressed on behalf of The Analyst, its affiliates, or staff.

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Daily Brief

North Korea Could Possibly Be Preparing another Nuclear Test

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  • North Korea could be preparing a seventh nuclear test, especially after Mr. Kim announced that the country is fully ready for any military confrontation with the US at a Korean War Anniversary event. 
  • A US special representative in North Korea states that Jong-Un has tested an unprecedented number of missiles this year—31 to 25. Jong-Un also stated that threats from the US required North Korea to achieve the urgent historical task of strengthening its self-defense. 
  • Jong-un also stated that South Korea is reviving a plan to counter North Korea’s threat by mounting precautionary strikes; in June alone, South Korea launched 8 missiles of its own.
  • The North Korean regime is especially angry with South Korea’s new president Yoon Suk-yeol and his so-called Kill Chain strategy. This strategy allows South Korea to launch ballistic missiles and air strikes on North Korean targets if it ever feels threatened. 
  • North Korea has also not been getting as much engagement with Washington ever since Biden replaced Trump, and could be hinting at some sort of deliberate escalation by the North, and preparations have been underway at the Punggye Ri test site since March.

All views expressed in this editorial are solely that of the author, and are not expressed on behalf of The Analyst, its affiliates, or staff.

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Daily Brief

Russia Limits Gas Supply to Germany

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  • Gazprom, a major Russian energy provider, has stated it will reduce the supply of gas to Germany by half via the Nord Stream 1 pipeline due to repair work. 
  • Germany has said that they see no technical reason for the decrease in gas supply. The European Union continues to accuse Russia of weaponizing energy, with Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky stating, “This is an open gas war that Russia is waging against a united Europe.”
  • Ukraine and Russia signed an agreement to allow the export of grain via the Black Sea after Russia continued to block millions of tonnes from being exported. The next day, Russia struck missiles at the port, some of which hit the infrastructure of the port.
  • The US and Ukraine are optimistic that the agreement will still be implemented, with the US State Department stating, “Despite these attacks, we do understand that the parties are continuing preparations to open Ukraine’s Black Sea ports for food and fertilizer exports…we also continue to expect that the Black Sea agreement will be implemented.”

All views expressed in this editorial are solely that of the author, and are not expressed on behalf of The Analyst, its affiliates, or staff.

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