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The Daily Brief: Taliban Announces New Afghanistan Government

Taliban Announces New Afghanistan Government

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Armed Afghan civilians during the 2021 Taliban offensive 1

Summary: 

  • Following the Taliban takeover in Afghanistan earlier in August, the extremist groups spokesperson Zabihullah Mujahid announced its new government system, appointing Mohammed Hasan Akhund as the prime minister. 
  • Additionally, the 33 other Pashtun majority cabinet members were named as the country’s “new Islamic government” officials, as stated by Mujahid. 
  • Two members already have a negative international repertoire. Akhund has sanctions against him by the United Nations, while Sirajuddin Haqqani, leader of the Haqqani network and appointed the government’s interior minister, is on a United States Terrorist list and one of the FBI’s most wanted men for deaths of over 150 people. 
  • Others named were said to be currently acting as the country’s officials, and the official government positions haven’t been finalized. None of the current officials are women. 
  • The Taliban released a statement claiming they want “strong and healthy relations with our neighbours and all other countries based on mutual respect and interaction.” 
  • Taliban Supreme Leader Mullah Haibatullah Akhundzada stated on Tuesday that he “assure[s] all the countrymen that the figures will work hard towards upholding Islamic rules and sharia law in the country,” following the announcement. 
  • The structure of the government, however, similarly mirrors the oppressive Taliban rule in the 90s, raising skepticism to the groups alleged inclusivity with the already conservative leadership. 
  • Already hundreds of women were subject to violent beatings by the Taliban after peacefully protesting for their rights, making it the second attack by the Taliban on citizens in less than a week.  

Sources

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2021/9/7/taliban-announce-acting-ministers-of-new-government

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-58479750

https://www.nytimes.com/live/2021/09/07/world/afghanistan-news

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Presidencia El Salvador from San Salvador, El Salvador, América Central, CC0, via Wikimedia Commons
  • El Salvador announced they would now allow Bitcoin as a legal tender, becoming the first country to do so. 
  • The announcement by President Nayib Bukele, who promised anyone who downloaded the “Chivo” digital wallet $30, forced it into temporary suspension after thousands of attempts to download the application. 
  • The announcement also means businesses could now potentially accept the well known unstable crypto cash as a form of currency. 
  • Some critics warn of increases in money laundering following the mandate, while others say it will decrease international commission expenses. 

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New Amnesty International Report Finds Syrian Refugees Tortured Upon Their Return

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Voice of America News: Henry Ridgwell from the Turkish border by Aleppo, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons
  • In a recent report, Amnesty International finds that Syrian Refugees returning home to Syria, are subject to torture, detention, and disappearance by the Syrian government.
  • Amnesty International found that the Syrian officials committed human rights violations to at least 66 returnees, 13 of which were children. 
  • The report urges European countries who have been forcing Syrian Refugees to return home, to halt all deportation processes as Syria is still unsafe to return to.
  • Syrian President Bashar al-Assad was sworn in as president for his fourth term in May and denies the accusations.

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Texas Governor Signs Restrictive Election Bill into Law

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World Travel & Tourism Council, CC BY 2.0 via Wikimedia Commons
  • Texas Republican Governor Greg Abbott signed a restrictive election bill into law, limiting mail-in ballots and, according to him, making “it easier than ever before for anybody to go cast a ballot,” while also making sure “it is harder than ever for people to cheat at the ballot box.”
  • The bill eliminates drive thru voting and 24 hour early voting centers, among other things. Opponents of the bill claim it unjustly targets marginalized voters, such as people of color, the elderly, and those with disabilities, from easy access to voting.
  • Three federal lawsuits have been filed to block the bill, and US Vice President Kamala Harris stated, “the bill limits the options that enabled a historic number of Texans, especially citizens of colour, to vote safely in our last election”.

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President Biden Visits Areas Affected by Ida, Blaming Climate Change

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  • US President Joe Biden visited parts of the country where Hurricane Ida has inflicted damage to thousands of lives, including in Queens, New York, where he declared that “Climate change poses an existential threat to our lives, to our economy, and the threat is here.”
  • Biden also spoke about his infrastructure plan, which he stated would help prevent damage from future natural disasters and extreme weather. He also approved disaster declarations for New Jersey and New York, allowing access to additional federal aid.
  • Biden started his trip by visiting Louisiana, where the hurricane first hit, before heading to New Jersey and New York. Nearly 100 deaths have been reported due to this disaster and thousands have had their lives uprooted.

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Israel and the US Will Work Together to Stop Iran’s Nuclear Program

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防衛省・自衛隊, CC BY 4.0 , via Wikimedia Commons
  • Israel’s Chief of General Staff Aviv Kohavi stated that the military’s plans responding to Iran’s growing nuclear program are being “greatly accelerated” amidst drawn out talks to return to the 2015 nuclear deal limiting Tehran’s enrichment of uranium.
  • US defence chief Lloyd Austin also reiterated these statements, declaring that “Iran’s support for terrorism and its willingness to supply increasingly lethal weapons to non-state groups undermines the regional stability that we all seek.”
  • The US and Israel announced that they will be working together to put a stop to Iran’s nuclear program.
  • Iran has stated that its nuclear program is entirely peaceful, and that it will agree to return to the nuclear deal if the US withdraws sanctions that are continuing to hurt Iran’s economy

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Chinese Aircraft Enters Taiwan’s Air Defence Zone

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L.G.Liao, CC BY-SA 3.0 GFDL 1.2, via Wikimedia Commons
  • Taiwan announced that nineteen Chinese military jets entered its air defence zone, prompting radio warnings and missile defense systems to be deployed.
  • The aircraft included nuclear-capable bombers, named H-6 bombers, and anti-submarine aircraft.
  • China has not commented on this latest incursion. The last Chinese aircraft to invade Taiwanese airspace was in June, which included 28 military jets.

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US Surpasses 40 Million COVID Cases

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Alberto Giuliani, CC BY-SA 4.0 , via Wikimedia Commons
  • As of this week, the US has surpassed 40 million known COVID-19 cases with an estimated 161,000 new COVID cases a day. 
  • Since the start of schools across the US, children now account for a quarter of all new weekly COVID cases. 
  • This comes as US states still struggle to fully vaccinate their population from the deadly virus with no state reaching 70% of their population being fully vaccinated. 
  • The highly contagious delta variant has ravaged the unvaccinated population with the US averaging 1,385 deaths a day. 

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All views expressed in this editorial are solely that of the author, and are not expressed on behalf of The Analyst, its affiliates, or staff.

Daily Brief

World Watches as the United States Supreme Court Abolishes a Woman’s Right to an Abortion

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  • The United States’ top justices voted to eliminate the constitutional right to an abortion, a law that had been in place for over 50 years.
  • The closely watched decision was heralded by some and derided by others, depending on their position on the controversial concept of a woman’s right to choose for her own body.
  • With the abolition of the constitutional right, it is expected that many states in the U.S. will implement near total bans of abortion rights, while other states such as California, Oregon and Washington have reaffirmed their commitment to preserve the right to an abortion.
  • Planned Parenthood, the advocacy face for abortion rights, is mobilizing around the country to bolster and increase services in those states that will preserve the right, and engage voters in those states that plan to abolish the right.

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All views expressed in this editorial are solely that of the author, and are not expressed on behalf of The Analyst, its affiliates, or staff.

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Daily Brief

The EU Approves Ukraine for Candidacy

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Munster Stadtweinhaus Beflaggung Ukraine und EU 2022 0219 scaled
  • The EU has finally approved the application of Ukraine to become a candidate country for admission to the 27- country organization. Ukraine will now join the official candidate list, which already includes Albania, the Republic of North Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, and Turkey. 
  • The US is expected to provide an additional $450m in security assistance to Ukraine. Which includes four more High Mobility Artillery Rocket Systems. 
  • The EU and Norway have agreed to cooperate and provide the EU’s 27 countries with gas from Western Europe’s biggest provider. The EU imports roughly ⅕ of its gas from Norway compared to the 40% it was receiving from Russia. Currently, Russia has been cutting gas supplies to countries refusing to pay for it in roubles. 
  • Melbourne is considering utilizing its largely vacant $200m Center for National Resilience building to house hundreds of refugees fleeing war-torn Ukraine and Afghanistan. The center will only be able to temporarily house about 500 refugees from Afghanistan and about 200 from Ukraine. 
  • Ukrainian Defense Minister Oleksii Reznikov thanked US Defense Secretary Lloyd Austin after receiving and welcoming the High Mobility Artillery Rocket Systems (HIMARS) from the United States. 
  • Nike joined other leading Western brands by formally making a full exit from Russia, three months after suspending its operations. Telecoms equipment maker Cisco is also planning to wind down business in Russia and Belarus as well.

All views expressed in this editorial are solely that of the author, and are not expressed on behalf of The Analyst, its affiliates, or staff.

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Daily Brief

US Supreme Court Expands Gun Carrying Rights Causing National Outrage 

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Open Carry of a 9mm Browning Hi Power in Eagle Colorado scaled
  • The US Supreme Court expanded gun carrying rights after a New York law denied the plaintiffs Robert Nash and Brandon Koch from carrying a concealed weapon in public, despite them having licenses for recreational gun ownership. 
  • The US court ruled that the New York law requiring residents to prove “proper cause” to carry a concealed weapon is unconstitutional. Justice Clarence Thomas, who represented the 6 justices who ruled in favor of the decision, stated that Americans have the right to carry “commonly used” firearms in public for personal defense. 
  • This decision comes amid an intense national debate over gun violence, and could possibly challenge the  outcome of similar regulations in other states, such as California and New Jersey, and affect a quarter of Americans by allowing more people to carry guns legally. 
  • Three liberal justices, Elena Kahan, Sonia Sotomayor, and Stephen Breyer, were against the majority decision, and Justice Breyer noted that “since the start of this year alone (2022), there have already been 277 reported mass shootings – an average of more than one per day.”
  • While the National Rifle Association (NRA) celebrated the judgment, President Biden stated that he was “deeply disappointed” by the court’s decision and that the ruling “contradicts both common sense and the Constitution, and should trouble us all.” 
  • New York Mayor Eric Adams also agreed with Biden and stated that he would review other ways to restrict gun access by restricting the application process for buying guns and looking into bans of firearms at specific locations. 

All views expressed in this editorial are solely that of the author, and are not expressed on behalf of The Analyst, its affiliates, or staff.

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France’s Highest Administrative Court Upholds Burkini Ban in Grenoble

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  • The city of Grenoble had recently challenged France’s highest administrative court by allowing full body burkinis to be worn at public pools. Burkinis are typically worn by Muslim women to maintain modesty while they swim. In France, burkinis have often been a point of extreme debate in the country as France’s secular values outlaw anything that violates the country’s belief in the separation of religion and state. 
  • Grenoble challenged the ban on burkini, stating that it violated the principle of neutrality in public services. Shortly after, the policy was suspended and the matter was referred to the Council of State for a decision. The Council of State has officially ruled that Grenoble cannot allow burkinis to be worn in public as that would then allow for “selective exceptions to the rules to satisfy religious demands.”
  • Furthermore, the ban on burkinis was linked back to hygiene concerns. The court stated that burkinis violate “the common rule, enacted for reasons of hygiene and safety, of wearing bathing suits close to the body.” 
  • French Interior Minister Gerald Darmanin took to Twitter to label the ruling as a “victory” for “seperatism, for secularism, and beyond, for the whole Republic”. Others have criticized the ruling for not allowing women the right to dress as they please.

All views expressed in this editorial are solely that of the author, and are not expressed on behalf of The Analyst, its affiliates, or staff.

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Samar is a UC San Diego graduate with a degree in Communication and a minor in Business. In addition to her passion for research and writing in relation to current events, she also utilizes her skills in areas such as digital marketing. Furthermore, she is deeply interested in positions that involve oral communication skills such as leadership roles and public speaking.

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Taiwan Deploys Jets After China Violates Air Defense Zone

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Chinese Air Force Fighter Jet beijing Aviation Museum 26408343121 scaled
  • On Tuesday, multiple Chinese aircrafts entered Taiwan’s air defence zone, including bombers that flew over the southern region of the country. Taiwan’s air defence ministry stated that 17 fighter jets, 6 H-6 bombers, as well as electronic warfare was involved.
  • Fighter jets and missile systems were deployed by Taiwan as a warning to China. The incident marks the largest air defense zone violation by China since May 30th when multiple Chinese aircraft were reported in Taiwan’s ADIZ (air defense identification zone). Both China and Taiwan have dealt with increasing tension over sovereignty claims with China claiming Taiwan as their own territory. 
  • Taiwan has called out China’s tactic of entering into Taiwan’s air defense zone as “grey zone” warfare. The warfare strategy focuses on exhausting Taiwanese forces while also examining how they respond to such incursions. Since 2019, violations of Taiwan’s air defense zone by China have been increasing with 123 warplanes reported in this year.
  • Recently, Joe Biden had announced that the US military would get involved if China attempted to take Taiwan by force, stating that such a thing would not be “appropriate” for China to do. Shortly after this statement was made, China shared that recent military exercises around Taiwan would serve as a warning to the country for “colluding” with the United States. 

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All views expressed in this editorial are solely that of the author, and are not expressed on behalf of The Analyst, its affiliates, or staff.

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Samar is a UC San Diego graduate with a degree in Communication and a minor in Business. In addition to her passion for research and writing in relation to current events, she also utilizes her skills in areas such as digital marketing. Furthermore, she is deeply interested in positions that involve oral communication skills such as leadership roles and public speaking.

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Ukraine Receives German Delivery of Long Range Weapons as Putin Announces ICBM

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  • Ukraine has announced that they’ve recently deployed a number of long-range weapons sent from Germany. Ukrainian Defence Minister Okeysii Reznikov recently thanked Germany’s Federal Minister of Defence for the howitzers they received. The delivery comes after Germany announced plans last month to step up their delivery of weapons to Ukraine. 
  • President Vladimir Putin has also disclosed plans for Russia to deploy Sarmat intercontinental ballistic missiles around the end of 2022. The deployment of ICBMs is part of Russia’s larger plan to strengthen their military through improved weapons such as the S-500 air defense and missile defense systems.
  • As both Russia and Ukraine expand their military arsenal, more settlements have been captured by Russian forces in the Luhansk region of Ukraine. Governor Serhiy Haidai has shared that Russian forces have captured the settlement of Toshkivka and several other settlements nearby. President Zelensky states in a video address that the current situation in Luhansk has been tough as Russian forces push into key areas of the region.
  • Meanwhile, massive amounts of wheat and grains remain stuck at the Black Sea ports of Ukraine. Turkey plans to initiate dialogue with Russian, Ukrainian, and United Nations officials about opening up corridors that would allow for safe grain export. The White House has stated that President Joe Biden has also been examining options for the safe exportation of grain with White House national security spokesperson, John Kirby, calling the grain blockage a weaponization of food.

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All views expressed in this editorial are solely that of the author, and are not expressed on behalf of The Analyst, its affiliates, or staff.

+ posts

Samar is a UC San Diego graduate with a degree in Communication and a minor in Business. In addition to her passion for research and writing in relation to current events, she also utilizes her skills in areas such as digital marketing. Furthermore, she is deeply interested in positions that involve oral communication skills such as leadership roles and public speaking.

Continue Reading

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