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The Daily Brief: France’s Macron Acknowledges French ‘Responsibility’ In Rwandan Genocide

France’s Macron Acknowledges French ‘Responsibility’ In Rwandan Genocide

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Summary:

  • France’s President Emmanuel Macron spoke at the Kigali Genocide Memorial in Rwanda where he announced that France recognized its “responsibility” in the Rwandan genocide.
  • Macron also requested forgiveness for France’s role in the genocide stating he has come to Rwanda “to recognise the extent of [France’s] responsibilities in the slaughter”.
  • The Rwandan Genocide began in April 1994 and resulted in the deaths of 800,000 ethnic Tutsis and moderate Hutus at the hands of Hutu militias.
  • The genocide ended in July 1994 with the rise of current President Paul Kagame of the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF).
  • Macron stopped short of issuing a formal apology and made sure to clarify that France “was not an accomplice” to the genocide.
  • President Macron’s visit comes after a report released in March by a French inquiry panel deduced that the French government bore a “serious and overwhelming” responsibility in the slaughter due to their dismissal of warnings regarding the genocide and their “de facto” support of the genocidial Rwandan government. 
  • Rwandan President Paul Kagame praised the March report claiming that it opened the door to normalizing relations between Rwanda and France.
  • Kagame stated that Macron’s “words were more powerful than an apology”.
  • Macron’s visit to Rwanda is the first visit by a French leader to the country in over a decade. 
  • Over 250,000 victims of the Rwandan genocide are buried at the Kigali Genocide Memorial where Macron delivered his speech.
  • Sources:

Reuters

Al Jazeera

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Thousands Flee Goma Following Threat of Another Volcanic Eruption

Lava Lake Nyiragongo 2
Cai Tjeenk Willink (Caitjeenk), CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons
  • After officials announced the threat of another volcanic eruption from Mount Nyiragongo, tens of thousands of people are fleeing the Congolese city of Goma, filling the streets with car and pedestrian traffic.
  • Mount Nyiragongo erupted after nineteen years on Saturday, leaving many unprepared for the lava that killed more than thirty people and destroyed hundreds of homes.
  • After the eruption on Saturday, there have been earthquakes, tremors and significant cracks in buildings and roads. Officials have said that there could be changes in the situation at any moment.
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Global Temperature Nearing Troubling Limit at Fast Speed

Industry smoke
Uwe Hermann, CC BY-SA 2.5 , via Wikimedia Commons
  • A report published by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) stated that there is a 40% chance of Earth being 1.5 degrees Celsius hotter than pre-industrial levels between 2021-2025.
  • Last year, the WMO put the chances of a 1.5 degrees Celsius temperature increase at 20%. The Paris Agreement set the goal of limiting the increase in global average temperature to less than or around 1.5 degrees Celsius over a long period of time.
  • A single year that hits this temperature limit does not mean that the Paris Agreement limits have failed, but it is troubling news in the long run. Many have called this new report a wake up call for limits to greenhouse gas emissions and global warming.
  • Scientists have reported that an average global temperature of above 1.5 degrees Celsius will result in long term, catastrophic effects of climate change. Some had hoped that climate change would improve with certain activities being decreased because of the global pandemic, but that does not seem to be the case.
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PM of Somalia Commits to Free and Fair Elections 

  • The Prime Minister of Somalia, Mohamed Hussein Roble has committed to free and fair elections following months of a political impasse leading to violence and crisis in the country.
  • An agreement deal was signed by regional presidents and Prime Minister Roble allowing indirect elections to take place – elections will be held in 60 days according to the agreement.
  • A constitutional crisis was spurred in February when President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed and state leaders had been unable to agree on the terms of a vote – violence erupted in April when the lower house of parliament extended the president’s mandate by two years.
  • In a ceremony, Prime Minister Roble affirmed the commitment of his government to a “free and fair indirect election” while also stating the responsibility to ensure women reach their quota of having 30% in government positions.
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Public Vote in Hong Kong Reduced Amid New Electoral Law

  • Hong Kong’s legislature passed a bill Thursday that greatly reduced the public vote and increased the number of pro-Beijing lawmakers.
  • The number of seats in the legislator expanded to 90, with 40 of them being elected by a largely pro-Beijing election committee – the number of legislators directly affected by Hong Kong voters will be reduced to 20 from 35.
  • The United States called on the Chinese government and Hong Kong authorities to allow all Hong Kongers to be heard and to release those held for dissenting views.
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All views expressed in this editorial are solely that of the author, and are not expressed on behalf of The Analyst, its affiliates, or staff.

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World Watches as the United States Supreme Court Abolishes a Woman’s Right to an Abortion

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  • The United States’ top justices voted to eliminate the constitutional right to an abortion, a law that had been in place for over 50 years.
  • The closely watched decision was heralded by some and derided by others, depending on their position on the controversial concept of a woman’s right to choose for her own body.
  • With the abolition of the constitutional right, it is expected that many states in the U.S. will implement near total bans of abortion rights, while other states such as California, Oregon and Washington have reaffirmed their commitment to preserve the right to an abortion.
  • Planned Parenthood, the advocacy face for abortion rights, is mobilizing around the country to bolster and increase services in those states that will preserve the right, and engage voters in those states that plan to abolish the right.

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All views expressed in this editorial are solely that of the author, and are not expressed on behalf of The Analyst, its affiliates, or staff.

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The EU Approves Ukraine for Candidacy

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  • The EU has finally approved the application of Ukraine to become a candidate country for admission to the 27- country organization. Ukraine will now join the official candidate list, which already includes Albania, the Republic of North Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, and Turkey. 
  • The US is expected to provide an additional $450m in security assistance to Ukraine. Which includes four more High Mobility Artillery Rocket Systems. 
  • The EU and Norway have agreed to cooperate and provide the EU’s 27 countries with gas from Western Europe’s biggest provider. The EU imports roughly ⅕ of its gas from Norway compared to the 40% it was receiving from Russia. Currently, Russia has been cutting gas supplies to countries refusing to pay for it in roubles. 
  • Melbourne is considering utilizing its largely vacant $200m Center for National Resilience building to house hundreds of refugees fleeing war-torn Ukraine and Afghanistan. The center will only be able to temporarily house about 500 refugees from Afghanistan and about 200 from Ukraine. 
  • Ukrainian Defense Minister Oleksii Reznikov thanked US Defense Secretary Lloyd Austin after receiving and welcoming the High Mobility Artillery Rocket Systems (HIMARS) from the United States. 
  • Nike joined other leading Western brands by formally making a full exit from Russia, three months after suspending its operations. Telecoms equipment maker Cisco is also planning to wind down business in Russia and Belarus as well.

All views expressed in this editorial are solely that of the author, and are not expressed on behalf of The Analyst, its affiliates, or staff.

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US Supreme Court Expands Gun Carrying Rights Causing National Outrage 

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Open Carry of a 9mm Browning Hi Power in Eagle Colorado scaled
  • The US Supreme Court expanded gun carrying rights after a New York law denied the plaintiffs Robert Nash and Brandon Koch from carrying a concealed weapon in public, despite them having licenses for recreational gun ownership. 
  • The US court ruled that the New York law requiring residents to prove “proper cause” to carry a concealed weapon is unconstitutional. Justice Clarence Thomas, who represented the 6 justices who ruled in favor of the decision, stated that Americans have the right to carry “commonly used” firearms in public for personal defense. 
  • This decision comes amid an intense national debate over gun violence, and could possibly challenge the  outcome of similar regulations in other states, such as California and New Jersey, and affect a quarter of Americans by allowing more people to carry guns legally. 
  • Three liberal justices, Elena Kahan, Sonia Sotomayor, and Stephen Breyer, were against the majority decision, and Justice Breyer noted that “since the start of this year alone (2022), there have already been 277 reported mass shootings – an average of more than one per day.”
  • While the National Rifle Association (NRA) celebrated the judgment, President Biden stated that he was “deeply disappointed” by the court’s decision and that the ruling “contradicts both common sense and the Constitution, and should trouble us all.” 
  • New York Mayor Eric Adams also agreed with Biden and stated that he would review other ways to restrict gun access by restricting the application process for buying guns and looking into bans of firearms at specific locations. 

All views expressed in this editorial are solely that of the author, and are not expressed on behalf of The Analyst, its affiliates, or staff.

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France’s Highest Administrative Court Upholds Burkini Ban in Grenoble

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  • The city of Grenoble had recently challenged France’s highest administrative court by allowing full body burkinis to be worn at public pools. Burkinis are typically worn by Muslim women to maintain modesty while they swim. In France, burkinis have often been a point of extreme debate in the country as France’s secular values outlaw anything that violates the country’s belief in the separation of religion and state. 
  • Grenoble challenged the ban on burkini, stating that it violated the principle of neutrality in public services. Shortly after, the policy was suspended and the matter was referred to the Council of State for a decision. The Council of State has officially ruled that Grenoble cannot allow burkinis to be worn in public as that would then allow for “selective exceptions to the rules to satisfy religious demands.”
  • Furthermore, the ban on burkinis was linked back to hygiene concerns. The court stated that burkinis violate “the common rule, enacted for reasons of hygiene and safety, of wearing bathing suits close to the body.” 
  • French Interior Minister Gerald Darmanin took to Twitter to label the ruling as a “victory” for “seperatism, for secularism, and beyond, for the whole Republic”. Others have criticized the ruling for not allowing women the right to dress as they please.

All views expressed in this editorial are solely that of the author, and are not expressed on behalf of The Analyst, its affiliates, or staff.

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Samar is a UC San Diego graduate with a degree in Communication and a minor in Business. In addition to her passion for research and writing in relation to current events, she also utilizes her skills in areas such as digital marketing. Furthermore, she is deeply interested in positions that involve oral communication skills such as leadership roles and public speaking.

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Taiwan Deploys Jets After China Violates Air Defense Zone

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Chinese Air Force Fighter Jet beijing Aviation Museum 26408343121 scaled
  • On Tuesday, multiple Chinese aircrafts entered Taiwan’s air defence zone, including bombers that flew over the southern region of the country. Taiwan’s air defence ministry stated that 17 fighter jets, 6 H-6 bombers, as well as electronic warfare was involved.
  • Fighter jets and missile systems were deployed by Taiwan as a warning to China. The incident marks the largest air defense zone violation by China since May 30th when multiple Chinese aircraft were reported in Taiwan’s ADIZ (air defense identification zone). Both China and Taiwan have dealt with increasing tension over sovereignty claims with China claiming Taiwan as their own territory. 
  • Taiwan has called out China’s tactic of entering into Taiwan’s air defense zone as “grey zone” warfare. The warfare strategy focuses on exhausting Taiwanese forces while also examining how they respond to such incursions. Since 2019, violations of Taiwan’s air defense zone by China have been increasing with 123 warplanes reported in this year.
  • Recently, Joe Biden had announced that the US military would get involved if China attempted to take Taiwan by force, stating that such a thing would not be “appropriate” for China to do. Shortly after this statement was made, China shared that recent military exercises around Taiwan would serve as a warning to the country for “colluding” with the United States. 

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All views expressed in this editorial are solely that of the author, and are not expressed on behalf of The Analyst, its affiliates, or staff.

+ posts

Samar is a UC San Diego graduate with a degree in Communication and a minor in Business. In addition to her passion for research and writing in relation to current events, she also utilizes her skills in areas such as digital marketing. Furthermore, she is deeply interested in positions that involve oral communication skills such as leadership roles and public speaking.

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Ukraine Receives German Delivery of Long Range Weapons as Putin Announces ICBM

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Anti terrorist operation in eastern Ukraine War Ukraine 26832552950
  • Ukraine has announced that they’ve recently deployed a number of long-range weapons sent from Germany. Ukrainian Defence Minister Okeysii Reznikov recently thanked Germany’s Federal Minister of Defence for the howitzers they received. The delivery comes after Germany announced plans last month to step up their delivery of weapons to Ukraine. 
  • President Vladimir Putin has also disclosed plans for Russia to deploy Sarmat intercontinental ballistic missiles around the end of 2022. The deployment of ICBMs is part of Russia’s larger plan to strengthen their military through improved weapons such as the S-500 air defense and missile defense systems.
  • As both Russia and Ukraine expand their military arsenal, more settlements have been captured by Russian forces in the Luhansk region of Ukraine. Governor Serhiy Haidai has shared that Russian forces have captured the settlement of Toshkivka and several other settlements nearby. President Zelensky states in a video address that the current situation in Luhansk has been tough as Russian forces push into key areas of the region.
  • Meanwhile, massive amounts of wheat and grains remain stuck at the Black Sea ports of Ukraine. Turkey plans to initiate dialogue with Russian, Ukrainian, and United Nations officials about opening up corridors that would allow for safe grain export. The White House has stated that President Joe Biden has also been examining options for the safe exportation of grain with White House national security spokesperson, John Kirby, calling the grain blockage a weaponization of food.

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All views expressed in this editorial are solely that of the author, and are not expressed on behalf of The Analyst, its affiliates, or staff.

+ posts

Samar is a UC San Diego graduate with a degree in Communication and a minor in Business. In addition to her passion for research and writing in relation to current events, she also utilizes her skills in areas such as digital marketing. Furthermore, she is deeply interested in positions that involve oral communication skills such as leadership roles and public speaking.

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